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Pars rescue robot has been tested for the first time

Posted on 28 October 2013 by yizhan

By hearing news about drowning’s at the Caspian Sea (north of Iran), we thought of finding a solution of saving human lives at the sea. For solving the problem, at the first step, we developed a surface rescue robot at RTS Lab as shown in the figure 1, the robot can be drove both manually and by radio control by the lifeguard to move towards the incident. If the victim was conscious he could catch the barriers and comes back and if not the lifeguard had to first find the victim from beneath water then throw him on the device and then return to the coast. After manufacturing and testing it successfully, we thought of building a robot with higher capabilities that could act quicker and more accurate in rescue missions and we came up with the Pars Aerial rescue robot idea.

One of the challenges that lifeguards met is the case of several people drowning at the same time. This event usually occurs when one starts drowning and family, friends or other people go to save the drowning person and they get into a similar drowning situation. Sometimes it can be seen that up to 6 people have drown at the same time, like the unpleasant incident of 6 students drowning together at the Caspian Sea in July 2013.

Pars is an Aerial robot designed and made for saving human lives. The first purpose of building the robot is the relief of people drowning near coastlines. By developing its applications, it can be used in ships and off shore reliefs. It can also be used in other applications such as monitoring of marine and off shore structures, recording films and pictures from dangerous path ways for rescue missions, precise positioning. One of the features of this robot is Ability to save more than one life in a mission it can also track its path by GPS positioning and at the end of its mission it can come back home without the need of user guidance.

The robot’s tests have been taken at the Caspian Sea. Thirteen tests were taken in a 4 day period and the following aspects were analyzed:
Life vest releasing system performance, flight stability, search and rescue performance at day and night, Simplicity of robot’s control, comparing performance with traditional rescue methods, analyzing the deficiencies of robots design.

Pars can fly ten minutes in this design and its maximum speed is 7.5 m/s, thus it can be used in missions with a 4.5 kilometer radius range.  Tests were completely successful and all of the expected goals were achieved. Based on the test results and considering the general rescue methods new ideas for developing Pars were achieved that will be revealed after careful scrutiny.

After completing the design and final corrections we will hopefully prepare the robot for introducing it to international markets although at the moment one of our main problems in this stage is financial support and we are looking forward to negotiate about sponsorship and investment.

The final test compared the performance between robot and human (lifeguard). The goal of this test was rescuing a drowning person in 75 meters away from coastline. As a result, robot done its mission in about 22 second however the lifeguard did the same in 91 second.

We also had another test taken at night. In this test LED Lighting is used to help user have a better sight to find the robot and life tube position.

Future work:

We have considered many designs for the robots future applications for example:

Life tubes to catch the drowning automatically

Increasing flight range and decreasing rescue mission time

Sound and image processing and controlling the robot with artificial Intelligence

Landing on water for emergency situations

It’s noteworthy to mention that this robot is designed for the first time and can make a huge revolution in robot applications for saving human lives.

The robots tests will be broadcasted soon.

After completing the design and final corrections we will hopefully prepare the robot for introducing it to international markets although at the moment one of our main problems in this stage is financial support and we are looking forward to negotiate about sponsorship and investment.

 Owners of idea:

Amin Rigi, Saeid Talebi, Masoud Noroozi, Hossein Saffari, Majid Saeidi, Amin Mirakhorli

The robots design:

Idea: The Savior Aerial Robot (Pars)

An Aerial rescue robot named Pars is being developed at RTS Lab.

Pars is an Aerial robot which is designed and made for saving human lives. The first purpose of building the robot is the relief of people drowning near coastlines. By developing its applications, it can be used in ships and off shore reliefs. It can also be used in other applications such as monitoring of marine and off shore structures, recording films and pictures from dangerous path ways for rescue missions, precise positioning and monitoring of off shore disasters and aid in firefighting.

The designed robot uses new technologies for guidance and navigation. Some of the technologies used are artificial intelligence, sound and image processing, autopilot search and rescue and a wide combination of sensor technologies. The robot is very simple and also very applicable and can play a significant role in saving the injured people.

The Savior Aerial robot is designed in a way that it can quickly move towards drowning people by user guidance and activates its savior system. This system releases life tubes for the drowning ones. Considering that many people drown all over the world every year, this robot can decreases the duration of rescue operations and save more lives.

Applied Innovations in This Method:

1-    The robot has the Ability to save more than one life simultaneously at a mission; for example, if several people simultaneously were sinking at the coast, this robot could send life tubes to each one very quickly.

2-    The robot is waterproof and it can land on the sea surface. When the robot faces an accident or in low battery situations it lands on sea, to not see more damage or sink.

3-    So far 3 pads have been considered for the robot that gives it the ability to save 3 lives in one operation; by using chemical materials for bloating the life pads, the pads can be increased to more than 15 in number.

4-    The robot uses artificial intelligence for accurate analysis of the condition it’s in.

5-    The robot is designed with a FLIR heating camera for recognizing the injured ones at night and also uses LED lightening to be recognized at night and activates its intelligence system when people shout for help.

6-    It is simply installed and applied in different parts related to marine issues, from coastline to installation in the ships and oil platforms.

7-    The robot is controlled from a central control cabin. In ships the robot has special platforms and is controlled from the ships control cabin. In case of an accident there is no need for starting up the robot, it launches from the applied platform and is always ready for flying.

10- The robot can track its path by GPS positioning and at the end of its mission it can come back home without the need of user guidance. After returning, it lands on its platform and starts charging its batteries.

11-  A sea platform has also been designed for the robot. This platform used satellite data for its control and it uses solar energy for its energy. It is always in the water and the robots are ready for action. When a marine incident occurs it quickly operates and sends the robots to the event to help.

12- We have considered many designs for the robots future applications including a robot manipulator and the ability to moving and install savior cables and there connection to other places.

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What are the main customer benefits compared to existing solutions?

1-    The surface floating remote control robot for rescue in coastlines: The Emily robot which was made in Switzerland and known as one of 50 best inventions by the Times Newspaper in 2010 is a good example. It’s noteworthy that our robot has many advantages in comparison with the Emily robot that makes our robot unique. We can mention some of Emily’s disability as: 1-Emily can’t save more than one person simultaneously in one mission 2-It has difficulties reaching the injured when the coastline is too crowded.

2-    Related to ships and marine platforms, boats are usually used for saving people. This method takes a lot of time. At the first moments of the disaster Pars can be sent to the incident to do initial aid until the lifeguards arrive. The robot helps rescuers to have better control of the disasters situation and its role is to promote the saving operation.

3-    Saving by Airplanes and Helicopters: This method is one of the most applicable ones for saving human lives till now. The Pars robot plays a role to promote the saving operations here too.

4-    Simple manual control and guidance of the robot, in a way that each person without having high technical education is able to learn how to work with it within a few days and do the saving operations.

5-    The robot is Low weighted and is simply transported.

6-    The robots operation doesn’t depend on coastline conditions as like a stormy sea or a crowded sea (many people swimming in the coastline).

7-    Simple and quick access to the accident location: for instance, if a person falls from high coastline rocks in to the sea, saving the person might take a lot of time but by using this robot the time will decrease and on the other hand we will receive films from the robot that will help us estimate the depth of the tragedy and necessary equipment’s needed.

8-    The robot can be used in crises management for investigating the strength of the catastrophe and saving the injured. For instance the robot can be used within floods or earthquakes.

10-­The robot has the Ability to save more than one life within a mission;         other methods don’t have this ability. For example, surface floating remote controlled robots or humans are usually unable to save more than one life but in many disasters many people might need help simultaneously.

 How did you come up with this idea?

By hearing news about sunken people in Caspian Sea on the north of Iran, we thought about finding a solution for saving lives of humans who were drowning in the sea. According to statistics of our country, during the last 8 years, 46500 people have been in drowning situations in the Coast of the Caspian Sea and from this amount 1100 have died. For solving this problem, at the first step, we made a savior floating robot of beaches (shown in figures below) after manufacturing and testing it successfully, we thought of manufacturing a robot with higher capabilities that would be able to act in operations quickly and precisely and we came up with the idea of the flying savior robot. Our main purpose of making this robot is to save human lives. It is necessary to mention that before building the robot, we sent the idea of the robot to the first national congress of savior robots in Gorgan which was held by Red Crescent organization. The Pars robot was chosen as thebest idea” of the congress and this encouraged us to build the robot.

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Previous Design

Aim groups and customers:

1-    Relief & saving Organizations, as like Red Cross and Red Crescent

2-    Lifeguard Federations

3-    Marine security companies

4-    Oil and gas industries for investigation of marine structures

5-    Oil and gas industries for marine relief missions

6-    Coastline police

7-    Ship owners and ship makers

8-    Firefighting organizations

9-    National Lifeguard Services

10-­ Crisis management organizations

Describe the functionality of the robot:

The operations of some parts of the robot have been mentioned as follows:

The Savior Aerial robot and its mechanisms are controlled by motors, sensors, control circuits, mechanical systems and microcontroller programming. The machine uses several servo motors for controlling and releasing rescue pads (tubes). These servos receive a signal from the microprocessor and pull a latch that causes the release of the life pads. Considering the specialization of the team members in making The robots platform is used for charging its batteries while not in action.

The Method of charging: in first mode, the connection between the platform base with the battery is logged off and it will connect when the charge of the battery is lower than a determined limit. The base uses conductive small blocks for charging the batteries.

Does the concept work now?  

Manufacturing the primary functions of the robot has successfully ended. Because of the huge amount of the robots capabilities, we have not yet implemented all of them. For example, we have used three axel accelerometer sensors and three axel gyroscope, Gps, Barometer and compass sensors now but we haven’t applied ultrasonic sensors yet.

How much fund is needed for industrialization the plan?

We need financial support and investment for mass production of the plan. All expenses of building a prototype has been provided by the team up to now.

Expense for industrial prototyping of the robot will be around about 30000 to 40000 dollar.


Savior floating robot of beaches: this robot is a floating robot which has been designed and made for rescue missions in coastlines by our research team (RTS). Some weaknesses of similar robots have been overcome in this robot. This robot has been successfully tested in 2012.

One of the coast cities of the Caspian sea

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Robot Assistant Deployed at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant

Posted on 21 March 2011 by yizhan

A robot named Monirobo (Monitor robot) was deployed in Fukushima nuclear plant in japan. What does this robots do?  Well it was said to help workers at the nuclear power plant  in monitoring the radiation level. The 5-foot, 1,300-pound Monirobo has a robotic arm for collecting samples and moving obstacles, and it drives using a pair of treads. It is designed to go where humans can’t, using a radiation detector, four video cameras with 3-D capability, and temperature and humidity sensors. The  robots  was developed by Japan’s Nuclear Safety Technology Center in association with the Ministry of Economy.

The robot has two version, the red and yellow.  The red was design to detect radiation level while the yellow has different functionality. The yellow one is designed to collect dust samples and monitor flammable gas.

Its good to know that finally Japan is starting to move up and using all their technology to recover from the earthquake that brought disaster to their people.

 

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7th World Robot Olympiads held in the Philippines

Posted on 06 November 2010 by yizhan

PASAY, MANILA Nov.6 – first robots Olympics  held in the Philippines.  With over 1,000 candidates from 22 participating countries. Filipino participants are Adiel De Jesus, 15-yrs old; Ma. Nerissa Nicolas, 16; Ellaine Bulaclac, 16; at Alexandra Guevarra, 14(high school level) and Dave Adrien Biel, 11-yrs old; Kate Dela Cruz, 11, Michelle Alcanar, 12;  John Emmanuel Cruz.(elementary level).  This students are from DYCI (Dr. Yanga’s Colleges Inc. BOCAUE, Bulacan)

The regular categories consist of some traditional Filipino games like “Knock and Secure Bottles” or “Tumbung Preso”  in this game the robots must complete a task, they must follow a tracked line from the starting point, knock down a bottle, secure and bring along another bottle to the finish line. This category was participated by junior high school contestant.  And “Climbing Pole” or “Palo Sebo” participated by senior high school contestant in this match, robots are tasked to climb a pole, get the ball from the top and climb down with the ball.

In the open category, contestant are given task to showcase their fully customized robot’s unique functionality, the  function and features of this robots must tag along with the theme “Robot Promote Tourism” or “Dynamic Robots Promote a National or Cultural Heritage of your Country” else they will not receive a points and gets zero as their final score.

The World Robot Olympiad, an annual scientific and technology event participated by students from all over the world will showcase their Robotic Skills in a friendly competition. We also encourage the students ages 10 years to 18 years old to engage in a cultural exchange and networking with fellow robotic enthusiasts. Said MYLENE ABIVA (President /CEO  FELTA Mutli-Media Inc. and Project Director, World Robot Olympiad 2010 )

This event has given us Filipino people opportunity to show the world that we also have the ability and skills in robotics and  can contribute knowledge in modern technology.

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Living with Robots….. Are We Ready?

Posted on 23 October 2010 by yizhan

Robots, they had been  my favorite toy since I was a kid, and still fascinated whit them  up to  now . Well,   now in our daily living , as technology evolves, robots and robotics has been a part of  it not only in toys but also in some industries like car manufacturing , some medical instruments, agriculture  and military equipment. Some of us is aware of that and some are not.  There are people who are interacting with robots yet not noticing it. Maybe the reason is some of us think that robots is the same as what they see in the movie or television.   As mention by Alicia Jones (Supervisor, Corporate communication American Honda) in the video below, she said that some people are watching to much television, and I agree with her that we could imagine lots of possibility in a scifi movie but in reality, applying it, is a very difficult task to achieve.

Now the big question is, are we ready to accept them as part of our community? Let’s put ASIMO as an example, a bipedal robot created and  developed by HONDA, who could walk like human, run and climb stairs.  Almost 24 years of experiments and development, ASIMO’s technology is evolving little by little from walking, running, avoiding obstacles and now they are even developing ASIMO’s AI capabilities.  This leads many other robots developing institution and companies in making robots that could help us in our daily living .  I think accepting them as part of our life would motivate developers to continue in researching and perfecting this kind of technology.

Manny people think that robots will dominate us in the future.  Hmmmm.. it only happen in the movie like irobot and terminator. how about you?,…. are you ready?

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ASIMO The Humanoid Robot

Posted on 19 June 2010 by yizhan

Advanced Step in Innovative MObility (ASIMO), a humanoid robot that was design by HONDA. ASIMO’s technology has been evolving since 1986, and have done several stages to perfect its function. Well we all know that  mobility is the main stream of honda for their motorcycles, cars and power products.  And this gives them a new challenge in mobility to build a two legged robot the can walk and balanced by it self. The main concept of this research is to be able to build a robot that has more viable mobility to help and live in harmony with people.

ASIMO

Research on human walking

From  1986-1991, First stage of ASIMO’s technology was achieved.  By studying the principles of  two legged locomotion, they have achieved to make their first two legged robot that can walked (the E0 robot). It can do both slow walking and fast walking, During slow walking, the body’s center of gravity remains always centered on the soles of the feet.When body movement is used for smooth, fast walking, the center of gravity is not always on the soles of the feet.  Next step they have done is to research and analyzed the human walking, animal walking and other forms of walking to visualize movement and location of the joints, create a fast walking program and  input it to the robots for experiments. With this several experiments they have manage to achieved a fast walking robot (the E2 robot) with the speed of 1.2km per hour.

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Achieving stable walking

From 1991 – 1993 Honda started the next stage of  ASIMO’s technology by achieving a stable walking.  After achieving the first stage which is the technology of fundamental walking, Honda continues its researches in developing new techniques in stabilized walking and come up with three techniques.

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Three techniques in stabilized walking

These techniques were then applied with several robots and Honda’s E5 robot was the first one to perfect stable walking even on steps or sloping surface

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Creating the humanoid robot

After finishing the technology of the two legged walking robot(the Experimental Models E1 – E6), Honda starts building the prototype models ( P1, P2 and P3) from 1993 – 1997  by attaching arms, body and head to the Experimental Models creating a completely independent humanoid robots.

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Latest  version of ASIMO is 1.2 meter tall and weighs 43 Kg. This size enables ASIMO to perform multi-task like walking, running and pushing cart .  It also has a capability to interact with gestures and has an ability to recognize objects.  It can even learn to avoid obstacles.

All images and some description from this article were gathered from ASIMO’s technical info.

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An Amazing Robot

Posted on 01 April 2010 by yizhan

Great balancing ability, this just tells that there is no stopping our technology from growing.

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Robotics and its Legacy

Posted on 21 March 2010 by yizhan

Robotics plays a great role in our technology today. It said to be the engineering science and main technology of robots. It is in relation with electronics, mechanics and software. Base in its history, the design for a humanoid robot or what was called the Mechanical Knight was design byLeonardo da Vinci in 1495. In 1737, Jacques de Vaucanson design a life-sized  automaton in the form of a duck.  The design was said to have the ability to eat grains to metabolize and defecate them. In 1800’s, The Japanese designed the karakuri toys , a mechanized puppet or automata that can served tea, fired arrows, and painted.

The robots  was first introduce to public  in the 20’s by  Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots), the story was about a factory that build artificial people also known as the robots, more like an idea of an androids and clones – creatures who can be mistaken for humans, that has the ability to think by itself.

In 1933 – 1938,  a robot was build by pittsburgh-based Westinghouse it was named Electro, it is a seven feet tall robot and weighing 265 pounds, more like a humanoid.  It can walk by voice command, can speak about 700 words, blow up balloons, smoke a cigarettes and it can also move its arms and head.  Its eyes are consist of photoelectric materials tha can distinguish red and green light.

General Motorsluched Unimate in 1961 at New Jersey, it was the first industrial robots.  Its engineering technology was created by George Devolin the 50’s using his own original patents. Devol together with Joseph Engelberger started the “Unimation” it is a robot manufacturing company that was first ever build. The machine do the job of transporting die castings from an assembly lines to weld this parts on auto bodies.  Unimate is consisted of a computer box link to another box connected to an arm design for high speed operation in car manufacturing. since it is programmable, it can also do some other task.

In 1973 KUKA Robotis, a leading German producer of  industrial robots created the worl first industrial robot with six electromechanical driven axes, known as  FAMULUS. It ranges from 3 kg to 1300 kg payloads and 350 mm to 3700 mm reach, all controlled by a PC based controller platform.

The structure of robots is most likely the functionality of the human Body and its skeletal system or what we call the kenematic chain. It is consist of  links like  our bone,  actuators that can be compare to our muscles and joints that can allow a series degree of freedom. Robots are mostly powered by batteries, but potential power sources can be consider like pneumatic(compressed gasses), hydraulics(compressed liquid)  and a radio active source.

The legacy of robotics had help us in many ways through our living.  We could almost see them every where. almost all industry in manufacturing line uses an industrial robots and it gives them greater output and safety to the workers. We might even have a robot worker and helper in the future just like in the movies.

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